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KNOW YOUR GRIND

Your coffee grind has a big impact on the quality of your brew. What’s the right grind size? It depends on how you brew your coffee! And since there are a lot of different ways to brew a delicious cup, we decided to make you this handy guide so you could explore them all.

For the examples provided we used a burr grinder, which is great because it gives a nice consistent grind. But if you only have a blade grinder, don’t despair – just get as close as possible. We’ve heard that giving a blade grinder a good shake while grinding can help even things out.

DID YOU KNOW?

The oils that give a coffee its most beautiful notes evaporate very quickly after you grind the beans. So, for the most delicious cup, try grinding just enough for what you’re about to brew.

See our guides to learn how to brew the perfect cup, every time.

Coffee Grinders:

It’s practically unanimous: every great cup of coffee starts with freshly ground coffee. And when I say fresh, I mean grinding your beans just moments before brewing. Too much trouble, you say? Nonsense! Poppycock! Where shall we begin?

We’ll start with the two basic types of grinders and the notable variations within.

• Blade Grinders

Blade grinder for coffee beans. Don't use it.

That high-speed whir heard round the world each morning is a blade grinder. These are the cheapest grinders for general-purpose coffee making. Blade from coffee grinder. Hacks and dices your coffee beans.They come with perky names like Krups or Braun. You probably have one. You shouldn’t. Perhaps you should relegate it to grinding Grandpa’s gruel. They can be very handy but they are not always precise and I do not recommend them. They horribly hack and slice your beans, leaving an uneven grind with course and fine particles in the same batch. The motors run hot; grinding too long can scorch the coffee.

Chunky uneven coffee grinds from a blade coffee grinder.

• Burr Grinders

For a step up in precision, now we’re moving in the right direction, tally-ho! Burr grinders are the answer to a more perfect union of bean and grind. Disk (a.k.a. plate) and conical burr grinders are your basic choices. Flat disk grinders use two spinning disks to smash the coffee into precise uniform grinds. Precision is good for home use; you can even get a truly fine espresso grind. But, alas, they can also run hot and, if not careful, can scorch the beans.

• Conical Burr Grinders

Baratza conical burr coffee grinder. We love them.Burr from a coffee grinder.

 

These are a bit more expensive, but are the choice of both coffee professionals and enthusiasts alike and well worth the price. These are the workhorses. Precision grinds, even for Turkish coffee, and a slow, cool motor.

Fresh ground coffee from burr coffee grinder. Precision coffee grinds.

Turkish hand grinder also used as a pepper mill.

• Hand Grinders

Manual hand coffee grinder with drawer.

If you’re both counting pennies and are also in need of a way to work out your flabby upper arms, perhaps you could try a hand grinder. They work on the same principle, except your arm substitutes for an electric motor. Watch those biceps bulge! The trouble here is that it takes an awful lot of effort to get even a small brew under way and in that time you could be drinking coffee.

 

The Various Grinds:

Coarse coffee grind example. Used for French Press.

• Coarse

This type of grind leaves the largest granules of coffee and is preferred for French Presses (a.k.a. plungers) or the percolator method of brewing.

 

Medium coffee grind example. Used for Drip and pour-over method.

• Medium

Medium grinds have a consistency of granulated sugar and are primarily recommended for vacuum and certain types of drip coffee makers. Because of its versatile size, it can also be used for other brewing methods, but not espresso.

 

Fine coffee grind example. Used for Espresso.

• Fine

Also known as an espresso grind, this is a grind with a powdery/mealy consistency used in espresso makers and Neapolitan flip-drips though electric drip and filter brews can use it as well.

 

Super Fine Coffee grind example. Used for Turkish Coffee.

• Pulverized

Like fine flour, this extremely fine grind is the province of Turkish coffee and usually needs to be ground in a special grinder.